digital accelerometer. MMA8453Q Datasheet

MMA8453Q accelerometer. Datasheet pdf. Equivalent

MMA8453Q Datasheet
Recommendation MMA8453Q Datasheet
Part MMA8453Q
Description 10-bit/8-bit digital accelerometer
Feature MMA8453Q; NXP Semiconductors Data sheet: Technical data Document Number: MMA8453Q Rev. 7.1, 02/2017 MMA8453Q.
Manufacture NXP
Datasheet
Download MMA8453Q Datasheet




NXP MMA8453Q
NXP Semiconductors
Data sheet: Technical data
Document Number: MMA8453Q
Rev. 7.1, 02/2017
MMA8453Q, 3-axis, 10-bit/8-bit
digital accelerometer
MMA8453Q
The MMA8453Q is a smart, low-power, three-axis, capacitive, micromachined
accelerometer with 10 bits of resolution. This accelerometer is packed with
embedded functions with flexible user programmable options, configurable to two
interrupt pins. Embedded interrupt functions allow for overall power savings
relieving the host processor from continuously polling data.
Top and bottom view
The MMA8453Q has user selectable full scales of ±2 g/±4 g/±8 g. The device can
be configured to generate inertial wakeup interrupt signals from any combination
of the configurable embedded functions allowing the MMA8453Q to monitor
events and remain in a low-power mode during periods of inactivity. The
MMA8453Q is available in a 16-pin QFN, 3 mm x 3 mm x 1 mm package.
Features
• 1.95 V to 3.6 V supply voltage
• 1.6 V to 3.6 V interface voltage
• ±2 g/±4 g/±8 g dynamically selectable full-scale
16-pin QFN
3 mm x 3 mm x 1 mm
• Output data rates (ODR) from 1.56 Hz to 800 Hz
• 99 μg/Hz noise
• 10-bit and 8-bit digital output
• I2C digital output interface
Top view
• Two programmable interrupt pins for six interrupt sources
• Three embedded channels of motion detection
– Freefall or motion detection: one channel
16 15 14
VDDIO 1
13
– Pulse detection: one channel
BYP 2
12
– Jolt detection: one channel
• Orientation (portrait/landscape) detection with set hysteresis
DNC 3
11
• Automatic ODR change for auto-wake and return to sleep
• Self-test
SCL 4
10
• Current consumption: 6 μA to 165 μA
GND 5
9
Typical applications
678
• E-compass applications
• Static orientation detection (portrait/landscape, up/down, left/right, back/front
position identification)
• Notebook, e-reader, and laptop tumble and freefall detection
Pin connections
• Real-time orientation detection (virtual reality and gaming 3D user position feedback)
• Real-time activity analysis (pedometer step counting, freefall drop detection for HDD, dead-reckoning GPS backup)
• Motion detection for portable product power saving (auto-sleep and auto-wake for cell phone, PDA, GPS, gaming)
• Shock and vibration monitoring (mechatronic compensation, shipping and warranty usage logging)
• User interface (menu scrolling by orientation change, tap detection for button replacement)
NC
GND
INT1
GND
INT2
Part number
MMA8453QT
MMA8453QR1
Ordering information
Temperature range
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
Package description
QFN-16
QFN-16
Shipping
Tray
Tape and Reel
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2017



NXP MMA8453Q
Contents
1 Block Diagram and Pin Description .................................................................................................................................. 3
2 Mechanical and Electrical Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1 Mechanical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.3 I2C interface characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.4 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3 Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.1 Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.2 Zero-g offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3.3 Self-test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
4 Modes (SYSMOD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
5 Functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
5.1 Device calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.2 8-bit or 10-bit data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.3 Low-power modes vs. high-resolution modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.4 Auto-wake/sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.5 Freefall and motion detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
5.6 Transient detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.7 Tap detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.8 Orientation detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
5.9 Interrupt register configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
5.10 Serial I2C interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6 Register Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
6.1 Data registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
6.2 Portrait/landscape embedded function registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.3 Motion and freefall embedded function registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6.4 Transient (HPF) acceleration detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6.5 Single, double and directional tap detection registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6.6 Auto-wake/sleep detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
6.7 Control registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
6.8 User offset correction registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
7 Printed Circuit Board Layout and Device Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
7.1 Printed circuit board layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
7.2 Overview of soldering considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
7.3 Halogen content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
8 Package Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
8.1 Tape and reel information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
8.2 Package description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
9 Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Related documentation
The MMA8453Q device features and operations are described in a variety of reference manuals, user guides, and application
notes. To find the most-current versions of these documents:
1. Go to the MMA8453Q web page at http://www.nxp.com/products/:MMA8453.
2. Click the Documentation tab.
MMA8453Q
Sensors
2
NXP Semiconductors N.V.



NXP MMA8453Q
1
Block Diagram and Pin Description
VDD
VDDIO
VSS
X-axis
Transducer
Y-axis
Transducer
Z-axis
Transducer
Internal
OSC
C to V
Converter
Clock
GEN
10-bit
ADC
INT1
INT2
Embedded
DSP
I2C
Functions
SDA
SCL
Freefall
and Motion
Detection
Transient
Detection
(i.e., fast motion,
jolt)
Orientation with
Set Hysteresis
and Z-lockout
Shake Detection
through
Motion
Threshold
Single, Double
and Directional
Tap Detection
Auto-wake/auto-sleep Configurable with debounce counter and multiple motion interrupts for control
MODE Options
Low Power
Low Noise + Low Power
High Resolution
Normal
Active mode
Wake
Auto-wake/sleep
Figure 1. Block diagram
Active mode
Sleep
MODE Options
Low Power
Low Noise + Low Power
High Resolution
Normal
Z
Earth Gravity
X
1
13
1
Y
(TOP VIEW)
DIRECTION OF THE
DETECTABLE ACCELERATIONS
9
5
(BOTTOM VIEW)
Figure 2. Direction of the detectable accelerations
Figure 3 shows the device configuration in the six different orientation modes. These orientations are defined as the following:
PU = portrait up, LR = landscape right, PD = portrait down, LL = landscape left, back and front side views. There are several
registers to configure the orientation detection and are described in detail in the register setting section.
Sensors
NXP Semiconductors N.V.
MMA8453Q
3







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