73K324L Modem Datasheet

73K324L Datasheet, PDF, Equivalent


Part Number

73K324L

Description

Single-Chip Modem

Manufacture

TDK

Total Page 30 Pages
Datasheet
Download 73K324L Datasheet


73K324L
73K324L
CCITT V.22bis, V.22, V.21, V.23, Bell 212A
Single-Chip Modem
DESCRIPTION
The 73K324L is a highly integrated single-chip
modem IC which provides the functions needed to
design a Quad-mode CCITT and Bell 212A
compatible modem capable of operation over dial-up
lines. The 73K324L adds V.23 capability to the
CCITT modes of TDK Semiconductor Corporation's
73K224 one-chip modem, allowing a one-chip
implementation in designs intended for European
markets which require this added Modulation mode.
The 73K324L offers excellent performance and a
high level of functional integration in a single IC. The
device supports V.22bis, V.22, Bell 212A, V.21, and
V.23 operating modes, allowing both synchronous
and asynchronous operation as defined by the
appropriate standard.
The 73K324L is designed to appear to the Systems
Engineer as a microprocessor peripheral, and will
easily interface with popular one-chip
microcontrollers (80C51 typical) for control of
modem functions through its 8-bit multiplexed
address/data bus. A serial control bus is available
for applications not requiring a parallel interface. An
optional package with only the serial control bus is
also available. Data communications occurs through
a separate serial port.
(continued)
FEATURES
April 2000
One chip Multi-mode CCITT V.22bis, V.22, V.21,
V.23 and Bell 212A compatible modem data pump
FSK (75, 300, 1200 bit/s), DPSK (600, 1200 bit/s),
or QAM (2400 bit/s) encoding
Pin and software compatible with other
TDK Semiconductor Corporation K-Series family
one-chip modems
Interfaces directly with standard
microprocessors (8048, 80C51 typical)
Serial and parallel microprocessor bus for
control
Selectable asynch/synch with internal
buffer/debuffer and scrambler/descrambler
functions
All synchronous (internal, external, slave) and
Asynchronous Operating modes
Adaptive equalization for optimum performance
over all lines
Programmable transmit attenuation (16 dB, 1 dB
steps), and selectable receive boost (+18 dB)
Call progress, carrier, answer tone, unscrambled
mark, S1, and signal quality monitors
DTMF, answer, calling, SCT and guard tone
generators
Test modes available: ALB, DL, RDL; Mark, Space
and Alternating bit pattern generators
CMOS technology for low power consumption
(100 MW @ 5 V) with power-down mode
(15 mW @ 5V)
4-wire full duplex operation in all modes
BLOCK DIAGRAM
8 - BIT
mP
BUS
I/F
TXD
RXD
SERIAL
I/F
BUFFER
FSK
MODULATOR
DTMF,
ANSWER,
GUARD &
CALLING
TONE
GENERATOR
SCRAMBLER
DIBIT/
QUADBIT
ENCODER
FIR
PULSE
SHAPER
QAM/
DPSK
MODULATOR
+
EQUALIZER
FILTER
+
ATTEN
FILTER
TXA
DEBUFFER
DE-
SCRAMBLER
DIBIT/
QUADBIT
DECODER
DIGITAL
SIGNAL
PROCESSOR
RECEIVE
FUNCTIONS
FILTER
A/D
AGC
EQUALIZER
FIXED
DEMOD
6 dB
GAIN
BOOST
FILTER
6 dB
GAIN BOOST
FILTER
RXA
TONE DETECTION

73K324L
73K324L
CCITT V.22bis, V.22, V.21, V.23, Bell 212A
Single-Chip Modem
DESCRIPTION (continued)
The 73K324L offers full hardware and software
compatibility with other products in TDK
Semiconductor's K-Series family of single-chip
modems, allowing system upgrades with a single
component change. The 73K324L is ideal for use in
free-standing or integral system modem products
where full-duplex 2400 bit/s operation with Alternate
mode capability is required. Its high functionality, low
power consumption, and efficient packaging simplify
design requirements and increase system reliability.
A complete modem requires only the addition of the
phone line interface, a control microprocessor, and
RS-232 level converters for a typical system.
The 73K324L is designed to provide a complete
V.22bis, V.22, Bell 212A, V.21, and V.23 compatible
modem on a chip. Many functions were included to
simplify implementation in typical modem designs. In
addition to the basic 2400 bit/s QAM, 1200/600 bit/s
DPSK and 1200/300/75 bit/s FSK
modulator/demodulator sections, the device also
includes synch/asynch buffering, DTMF, answer,
soft carrier, guard, and calling tone generator
capabilities. Handshake pattern detectors simplify
control of connect sequences, and precise tone
detectors allow accurate detection of call progress,
answer, calling, and soft carrier turn off tones. All
Operating modes defined by the incorporated
standards are included, and Test modes are
provided. Most functions are selectable as options,
and logical defaults are provided. The device can be
directly interfaced to a microprocessor via its 8-bit
multiplexed address/data bus for control and status
monitoring. Data communications takes place
through a separate serial port. Data may also be
sent and received through the control registers. This
simplifies designs requiring speed buffering, error
control and compression.
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
QAM MODULATOR/DEMODULATOR
The 73K324L encodes incoming data into quad-bits
represented by 16 possible signal points with
specific phase and amplitude levels. The baseband
signal is then filtered to reduce intersymbol
interference on the bandlimited telephone network.
The modulator transmits this encoded data using
either a 1200 Hz (Originate mode) or 2400 Hz
(Answer mode) carrier. The demodulator, although
more complex, essentially reverses this procedure
while also recovering the data clock from the
incoming signal. Adaptive equalization corrects for
varying line conditions by automatically changing
filter parameters to compensate for line
characteristics.
DPSK MODULATOR/DEMODULATOR
The 73K324L modulates a serial bit stream into
di-bit pairs that are represented by four possible
phase shifts as prescribed by the Bell 212A/V.22
standards. The baseband signal is then filtered to
reduce intersymbol interference on the bandlimited
2-wire PSTN line. Transmission occurs on either a
1200 Hz (Originate mode) or 2400 Hz carrier
(Answer mode). Demodulation is the reverse of the
modulation process, with the incoming analog signal
eventually decoded into di-bits and converted back
to a serial bit stream. The demodulator also recovers
the clock, which was encoded into the analog signal
during modulation. Demodulation occurs using either
a 1200 Hz carrier (Answer mode or ALB Originate
mode) or a 2400 Hz carrier (Originate mode or ALB
Answer mode). The 73K324L use a phase locked
loop coherent demodulation technique that offers
excellent performance. Adaptive equalization is also
used in DPSK modes for optimum operation with
varying lines.
FSK MODULATOR/DEMODULATOR
The FSK modulator/demodulator produces a
frequency modulated analog output signal using two
discrete frequencies to represent the binary data.
V.21 frequencies of 980 and 1180 Hz (originate
mark and space), or 1650 and 1850 Hz (answer
mark and space) are used in V.21 mode. V.23 mode
uses 1300 and 2100 Hz for the main channel or 390
and 450 Hz for the back channel. Demodulation
involves detecting the received frequencies and
decoding them into the appropriate binary value.
The rate converter and scrambler/descrambler are
automatically bypassed in the FSK modes.
PASSBAND FILTERS AND EQUALIZERS
High and low band filters are included to shape the
amplitude and phase response of the transmit and
receive signals and to provide compromise delay
equalization as well as rejection of out-of-band
signals. The transmit signal filtering corresponds to a
&%% raised cosine frequency response
characteristic.
2


Features 73K324L CCITT V.22bis, V.22, V.21, V.23, Bell 212A Single-Chip Modem DESCRIPTI ON The 73K324L is a highly integrated s ingle-chip modem IC which provides the functions needed to design a Quad-mode CCITT and Bell 212A compatible modem ca pable of operation over dial-up lines. The 73K324L adds V.23 capability to the CCITT modes of TDK Semiconductor Corpo ration's 73K224 one-chip modem, allowin g a one-chip implementation in designs intended for European markets which req uire this added Modulation mode. The 73 K324L offers excellent performance and a high level of functional integration in a single IC. The device supports V.2 2bis, V.22, Bell 212A, V.21, and V.23 o perating modes, allowing both synchrono us and asynchronous operation as define d by the appropriate standard. The 73K 324L is designed to appear to the Syste ms Engineer as a microprocessor periph eral, and will easily interface with p opular one-chip microcontrollers (80C5 1 typical) for control of modem functions through its 8-bit mu.
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