71M6545HT ICs Datasheet

71M6545HT Datasheet, PDF, Equivalent


Part Number

71M6545HT

Description

Energy Meter ICs

Manufacture

Maxim

Total Page 30 Pages
Datasheet
Download 71M6545HT Datasheet


71M6545HT
71M6545T/71M6545HT
EVALUATION KIT AVAILABLE
Energy Meter ICs
General Description
The 71M6545T/71M6545HT metrology processors are
based on Maxim Integrated’s 4th-generation metering
architecture supporting the 71M6xxx series of isolated
current sensing products that offer drastic reduction in
component count, immunity to magnetic tampering, and
unparalleled reliability. The 71M6545T/71M6545HT inte-
grate our Single Converter Technology® with a 22-bit
delta sigma ADC, a customizable 32-bit computation
engine (CE) for core metrology functions, as well as a
user-programmable 8051-compatible application proces-
sor (MPU) core with 64KB flash and 5KB RAM.
An external host processor can access metrology func-
tions directly through the SPI interface, or alternatively
through the embedded MPU core in applications requir-
ing metrology data capture, storage, and preprocessing
within the metrology subsystem. In addition, the devices
integrate an RTC, DIO, and UART. A complete array of
ICE and development tools, programming libraries, and
reference designs enable rapid development and certi-
fication of meters that meet all ANSI and IEC electricity
metering standards worldwide.
The 71M6545T/71M6545HT operate over the industrial tem-
perature range and come in a 64-pin lead(Pb)-free package.
Applications
● Three-Phase Residential, Commercial, and Industrial
Energy Meters
Ordering Information and Typical Operating Circuit appear
at end of data sheet.
Benefit and Features
● SoC Integration and Unique Isolation Technique
Reduces BOM Cost Without Sacrificing Performance
• 0.1% Typical Accuracy Over 2000:1 Current
Range
• Exceeds IEC 62053/ANSI C12.20 Standards
• Four-Quadrant Metering
• 46-64Hz Line Frequency Range with the Same
Calibration
• Phase Compensation (±10º)
• Independent 32-Bit Compute Engine
• 64KB Flash, 5KB RAM
• Built-In Flash Security
• SPI Interface to Host with Flash Program
Capability
• Up to Four Pulse Outputs with Pulse Count
• 8-Bit MPU (80515), Up to 5 MIPS (Optional Use)
• Full-Speed MPU Clock in Brownout Mode
• Up to 29 Multifunction DIO Pins
• Hardware Watchdog Timer (WDT)
• UART for AMR or Other Communication Duties
• I2C/MICROWIRE® EEPROM Interface
● Innovative Isolation Technology (Requires
Companion 71M6xxx Sensor, also from Maxim
Integrated) Eliminates Current Transformers
• Four Current Sensor Inputs with Selectable
Differential Mode
• Selectable Gain of 1 or 8 for One Current Input to
Support Neutral Current Shunt
• High-Speed Wh/VARh Pulse Outputs with
Programmable Width
● Digital Temperature Compensation Improves System
Performance
• Metrology Compensation
• Accurate RTC for TOU Functions with Automatic
Temperature Compensation for Crystal in All
Power Modes
● Power Management Extends Battery Life During
Power Outages
• Two Battery-Backup Modes:
Brownout Mode (BRN)
Sleep Mode (SLP)
• Wake-Up on Pin Events and Wake-On Timer
• 1µA in Sleep Mode
Single Converter Technology is a registered trademark of
Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
MICROWIRE is a registered trademark of National
Semiconductor Corp.
19-6721; Rev 4; 1/15

71M6545HT
71M6545T/71M6545HT
Energy Meter ICs
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Absolute Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Recommended External Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Pin Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Pin Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
I/O Equivalent Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Hardware Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Analog Front-End (AFE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Signal Input Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Input Multiplexer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Delay Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
ADC Preamplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
FIR Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Voltage References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Isolated Sensor Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Digital Computation Engine (CE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Meter Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Real-Time Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Pulse Generators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
XPULSE and YPULSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
VPULSE and WPULSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
80515 MPU Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Memory Organization and Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Program Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
MPU External Data Memory (XRAM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
MOVX Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Dual Data Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Internal Data Memory Map and Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Special Function Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
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Features 71M6545T/71M6545HT EVALUATION KIT AVAIL ABLE Energy Meter ICs General Descript ion The 71M6545T/71M6545HT metrology pr ocessors are based on Maxim Integrated s 4th-generation metering architectur e supporting the 71M6xxx series of isol ated current sensing products that offe r drastic reduction in component count, immunity to magnetic tampering, and un paralleled reliability. The 71M6545T/71 M6545HT integrate our Single Converter Technology® with a 22-bit delta sigma ADC, a customizable 32-bit computation engine (CE) for core metrology function s, as well as a user-programmable 8051- compatible application processor (MPU) core with 64KB flash and 5KB RAM. An ex ternal host processor can access metrol ogy functions directly through the SPI interface, or alternatively through the embedded MPU core in applications requ iring metrology data capture, storage, and preprocessing within the metrology subsystem. In addition, the devices int egrate an RTC, DIO, and UART. A complete array of ICE and developm.
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