Meter IC. 71M6532D Datasheet

71M6532D Datasheet PDF


Part Number

71M6532D

Description

Energy Meter IC

Manufacture

Maxim Integrated

Total Page 30 Pages
Datasheet
Download 71M6532D Datasheet



71M6532D
Simplifying System IntegrationTM
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The 71M6531D/F and 71M6532D/F are highly
integrated SOCs with an MPU core, RTC, FLASH and LCD
driver. The patented Single Converter Technology® with a
22-bit delta-sigma ADC, four analog inputs, digital tempera-
ture compensation, precision voltage reference, battery voltage
monitor and 32-bit computation engine (CE) supports a wide
range of residential metering applications with very few low-
cost external components.
A 32-kHz crystal time base for the entire system and internal
battery backup support for RAM and RTC further reduce system
cost. The IC supports 2-wire, and 3-wire single-phase and
dual-phase residential metering along with tamper-detection
mechanisms. The 71M6531D/F offers single-ended inputs for
two current channels and two single-ended voltage inputs.
The 71M6532D/F has two differential current inputs and three
single-ended voltage inputs.
Maximum design flexibility is provided by multiple UARTs, I2C,
μWire, up to 21 DIO pins and in-system programmable FLASH
memory, which can be updated with data or application code
in operation.
A complete array of ICE and development tools, programming
libraries and reference designs enable rapid development and
certification of TOU, AMR and Prepay meters that comply with
worldwide electricity metering standards.
A CT/SHUNT
NEUTRAL
B CT
LOAD
LOAD
POWER SUPPLY
AMR
RX/DIO1
IR TX/DIO2
POWER
FAULT
32 kHz
ADC
IAP*
IAN*
VA
IBP*
IBN*
VB
V3.3A
V3.3
SYS
GNDA GNDD
PWR MODE
CONTROL
71M6531 WAKE-UP
71M6532
REGULATOR
VBAT
V2.5
VOLTAGE REF
VREF
VBIAS
TEMP
SENSOR
RAM
LCD & DIO
COM0..3
LCD SEG
SERIAL PORTS
TX
RX
SENSE
DRIVE/MOD
COMPARATOR
V1
FLASH
MEMORY
COMPUTE
ENGINE
MPU
TIMERS
SEG/DIO
SPI
OSC/PLL
XIN
XOUT
RTC
ICE I/F
ICE_E
* Differential pins only on 6532D/F
02/18/2009
BATTERY
88.88.8888
I2C or µWire
EEPROM
TEST PULSES
SPI HOST
V3P3D
GNDD
Rev 2
71M6531D/F, 71M6532D/F
Energy Meter IC
DATA SHEET
19-5374; Rev 1; 4/13
FEATURES
Wh accuracy < 0.1% over 2000:1 current
range
Exceeds IEC62053/ANSI C12.20 standards
Four sensor inputs
Low-jitter Wh and VARh plus two additional
pulse test outputs (4 total, 10 kHz maximum)
with pulse count
Four-quadrant metering
Tamper detection (Neutral current with CT,
Rogowski or shunt, magnetic tamper input)
Line frequency count for RTC
Digital temperature compensation
Sag detection for phase A and B
Independent 32-bit compute engine
46-64 Hz line frequency range with same
calibration. Phase compensation (± 7°)
Three battery modes with wake-up on timer
or push-button:
BROWNOUT Mode (52 µA typ.)
LCD Mode (21 µA typ., DAC active)
SLEEP Mode (0.7 µA typ.)
Energy display during mains power failure
39 mW typical consumption @ 3.3 V, MPU
clock frequency 614 kHz
22-bit delta-sigma ADC with 3360 Hz or
2520 Hz sample rate
8-bit MPU (80515),1 clock cycle per instruction,
10 MHz maximum, with integrated ICE for
debug
RTC for TOU functions with clock-rate adjust
register
Hardware watchdog timer, power fail monitor
LCD driver with 4 common segment drivers:
Up to 156 (71M6531D/F) or 268 pixels
(71M6532D/F)
Up to 22 (71M6531D/F) or 43 (71M6532D/F)
general-purpose I/O pins. Digital I/O pins
compatible with 5 V inputs
32 kHz time base
High-speed slave SPI interface to data RAM
Two UARTs for IR and AMR, IR driver with
modulation
FLASH memory with security and in-system
program update:
128 KB (71M6531D/32D)
256 KB (71M6531F/32F)
4 KB MPU XRAM
Industrial temperature range
68-pin QFN package for 71M6531D/F pin-
compatible with 71M6521, 100-pin LQFP
package for 71M6532D/F, lead free
1

71M6532D
Data Sheet 71M6531D/F-71M6532D/F
FDS 6531/6532 005
Table of Contents
1 Hardware Description....................................................................................................................... 10
1.1 Hardware Overview ................................................................................................................... 10
1.2 Analog Front End (AFE)............................................................................................................. 10
1.2.1 Signal Input Pins ............................................................................................................ 10
1.2.2 Input Multiplexer............................................................................................................. 11
1.2.3 A/D Converter (ADC) ..................................................................................................... 12
1.2.4 FIR Filter ........................................................................................................................ 12
1.2.5 Voltage References ....................................................................................................... 12
1.2.6 Temperature Sensor ...................................................................................................... 14
1.2.7 Battery Monitor............................................................................................................... 14
1.2.8 AFE Functional Description ........................................................................................... 14
1.2.9 Digital Computation Engine (CE)................................................................................... 15
1.2.10 Meter Equations............................................................................................................. 16
1.2.11 Real-Time Monitor ......................................................................................................... 16
1.2.12 Pulse Generators ........................................................................................................... 16
1.2.13 Data RAM (XRAM) ........................................................................................................ 17
1.2.14 Delay Compensation ..................................................................................................... 17
1.2.15 CE Functional Overview ................................................................................................ 17
1.3 80515 MPU Core ....................................................................................................................... 19
1.3.1 Memory Organization and Addressing .......................................................................... 19
1.3.2 Special Function Registers (SFRs)................................................................................ 21
1.3.3 Generic 80515 Special Function Registers ................................................................... 22
1.3.4 Special Function Registers (SFRs) Specific to the 71M6531D/F and 71M6532D/F..... 24
1.3.5 Instruction Set ................................................................................................................ 26
1.3.6 UARTs ........................................................................................................................... 26
1.3.7 Timers and Counters ..................................................................................................... 28
1.3.8 WD Timer (Software Watchdog Timer) ......................................................................... 30
1.3.9 Interrupts........................................................................................................................ 30
1.4 On-Chip Resources ................................................................................................................... 36
1.4.1 Oscillator ........................................................................................................................ 36
1.4.2 Internal Clocks ............................................................................................................... 36
1.4.3 Real-Time Clock (RTC) ................................................................................................. 37
1.4.4 Temperature Sensor ...................................................................................................... 38
1.4.5 Physical Memory............................................................................................................ 38
1.4.6 Optical Interface............................................................................................................. 40
1.4.7 Digital I/O – 71M6531D/F .............................................................................................. 41
1.4.8 Digital I/O – 71M6532D/F .............................................................................................. 43
1.4.9 Digital IO – Common Characteristics for 71M6531D/F and 71M6532D/F .................... 44
1.4.10 LCD Drivers – 71M6531D/F .......................................................................................... 45
1.4.11 LCD Drivers – 71M6532D/F .......................................................................................... 46
1.4.12 LCD Drivers – Common Characteristics for 71M6531D/F and 71M6532D/F ............... 46
1.4.13 Battery Monitor............................................................................................................... 46
1.4.14 EEPROM Interface ........................................................................................................ 46
1.4.15 SPI Slave Port................................................................................................................ 49
1.4.16 Hardware Watchdog Timer............................................................................................ 52
1.4.17 Test Ports (TMUXOUT pin) ........................................................................................... 53
2 Rev 2




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